Sunday, June 3, 2012
Applying Tonglen in Everyday Life
Today I was in an argument with the woman I love and live with. I was completely hooked. I was mad because she was mad and she was mad because I was mad that she was mad. She wouldn't talk about it or say she was mad, so that made me feel more neurotic, more mad.
A proverbial devil on my shoulder was saying, "your problems are nonsense. Girls in Calcutta are being forced into slavery; climate change is melting the Poles. You're pathetic!" On the other shoulder an angel was saying, "it's OK. You can't control your thoughts. Don't fight them. Accept them and let go." In fact, both voices were right, but that wasn't helping me get over the feeling.
After a while we couldn't even remember what made us mad in the first place. Its at moments like those when you think, "what am I so mad about," that you can notice the pettiness and do something different.
Last week I wrote a post about how to dissolve resentment. I said, "the way in is the way out." I can't take credit for that phrase or its nugget of wisdom, but the point is that you can transcend anger or resentment by being a little curious about it. You just need the courage to step inside of it. The result is that you learn from your anger. You see the world more clearly. You see when anger is justified and when it is just your ego hanging on by a fingernail, like it was for me during today's argument.
One way "in" is the practice of tonglen. This is probably the most useful and effective practice I've learned since shamatha meditation. The idea behind tonglen is to dissolve the ego by putting others ahead of yourself. It is a practice in compassion. The ironic part is that when you put others first, life ends up getting better for you too. It's like a virtuous boomerang.
I've heard different instructions, but in The Wisdom of No Escape, Ani Pema Chodron suggests four steps for doing tonglen as part of a sitting meditation practice. I encourage you to read it in her brilliant words in the chapter called "sending and receiving," but here is my interpretation of those four steps:
Step 1: Start by flashing on bodhichitta (awakened heart). We can think of this as total openness. It has a fearless quality because you are connecting with the feeling in your heart. Most of us are often chicken about feeling what is in our hearts, even if we would enter a burning building to save dogs, kids and old ladies. The feelings in our hears is often raw, tender, ready to jump out of our chest. Some days we may feel totally numb. Either way is OK. Just try to connect to whatever feeling is there.
Step 3: Start the practice of "sending and receiving" by thinking of a specific and painful situation. It can be a situation you experienced, or the experience of someone else. It could be about the fight you had with your spouse, the kid who is having a hard time in school, or the article you read in the Times about someone's suffering in a far-off land. Breathe in the suffering. Experience the pain that this thought brings, the sadness, the despair, or whatever is associated with it. Then breathe out a sense of spaciousness, peace, relaxation, or whatever will ventilate the feeling. Do this over and over for a few minutes.
Step 4: Do the same thing as step 3, but this time do it for all sentient beings. You can think of the thing you contemplated in step 3 and consider how suffering is universal. All sentient beings know suffering. In that way we are all the same. Breathe it in and then air it out.
These instructions are really meant to go along with a sitting practice. I think it is a good idea to practice this regularly in this extended form, but I've also found it helpful to shorten this practice for use in the midst of a busy day. For example, when I am angry or resentful about something, and I realize it, I will often stop myself and do this practice for a few moments. I find that it helps calm my emotional reaction, and I feel the resentment dissolve as I'm presented with a new way of viewing the world and the difficult personalities I come across. It breaks the patterns of habitual reaction and brings compassion to the situation. Doing this makes life better for me and for those around me.